the economic expansion of Asia have been giving jitters to the west especially grand old Europe who finds its future global role in jeopardy ,challenged by two Asian giants INDIA AND CHINA. this led to the high phoning and the introduction of whole new word – chindia in the western media. they are seen as super powers in the making ,which will make this unipolar world a multipolar one.
Indian media have been abuzz with India vs china debates for the last few years.but is this comparison justifiable ?.i don’t think so.both the countries are completely different from one another . at this stage Chinese are far ahead of us in economic terms.it is like comparing Mexico with Germany or china with the united states.
we have just embarked on a trajectory of growth while china was a decade in front in implementing reforms.they had growth rates of over 10% for the past two decades while our growth have never gone beyond 9% and is averaged at 7%.its economy is thrice ours and expanding at a much faster rate.
china is an export driven economy while ours is an inward looking one.this have its pros and cons – we were not much affected by the global crisis of the past year but china was severely battered.the advantage for china being an export driven economy is the importance that it gets in world affairs.china is the largest trading partner for countries from united states to congo.so no one can ignore its power.
china is more urban than India.urbanization of china was rapid mostly in the last decade ,its urban population is over 50% of the population but in India over 70% is rural.Chinese urban populace is expected to grow further to around 70% while India is expected to remain rural in the coming decades.i personally believe in Gandhian principle that villages are the heart of a country but growth is more rapid in an urban set up,while villages grow in a different pattern.its true that the growth of villages makes the country self-sufficient ,still it takes time much more than an urban area.
Indian economy is service driven while china is basically industrial.so in this front there can never be a comparison.but it is essential that India develop its industrial base because its motto of self-reliance is possible only in that case.china on the other hand must develop its services sector so that it can grow further.
china is a dictatorship while India as we proudly say is democratic though democratic machinery here can be worse than dictatorship.but freedom people enjoy here is unmatched anywhere in the world.we can speak our mind out,gossip about anything and moreover can fight for our rights.though this freedom has not reached to its full extend in the deeper strata of the society still peoples power is enormous. in china cpc is the final word,no one can fight against it,it can take away your property and compensate in the rates it like.this centralization of power have helped the growth .the implementation stage of any project runs into trouble in India due to the people’s power while in china no one dares to question whether it be useful to the community or not.
India is a union of 28 different countries each with its own language,culture and traditions.the only link is the religion but this is also diverse.people belonging to one cultural grouping have zero interaction with others.china on the other hand is a homogeneous society of Han Chinese(though minorities are suppressed),they act and think as one single entity.
therefore the comparison between the two countries is worthless ,though it is a fact that both these countries will be forces to reckon with in the future.china in the immediate while india in a distant one.