THE MEN BEHIND THE IDOLS

Indians have no dearth of gods .we have 330 million of them accumulated over 5000 years  and a few hundreds who got inducted recently . But the interesting fact is that once they cross the threshold of divinity , these erstwhile human beings  loss  all their human attributes and become objects of unconditional worship .If  anyone dared to dissect their life on a humanly scale he is subjected to inquisition ,labelled heretic and ex communicated . This remains the standard  procedure to silence those out of pitch voices who tries to examine the authenticity of fables woven around ancient figures or those surrounding  post modern gods like Gandhi and Nehru.

For those of you who may not be familiar with the evolution of Krishna cult centered around lord Krishna , it would be interesting to find that the Krishna we worship today is derived from three stories .one centered around an ancient king named Krishna from 1000 BCE , a folk hero named vasudeva from 200 BCE   and a vedic god named vishnu . If we look at Lord Krishna as a man , the most striking feature would be his mastery of realpolitik which was  instrumental in turning a family feud into  a war of epic proportions . This shrewdness and manipulation tactics of his, made him the favorite of bards who retold the legendary puru war a million times , With the absorption of the vasudeva cult centered around Mathura he became a folk hero and ultimately the god with him being identified as vedic vishnu . once this man attained godliness his imperfections were brushed aside or polished to be made compatible with the new stature . Hence his is thirst for power was renamed karma and his follies became dharma .  Even with all these reinventions over the years he shows human vulnerabilities through out the epic  the dilemmas he faced at the face of total annihilation in front of a magadhan army led by jarasandha , his brilliant military tactics throughout the Mahabharata war which in all cases sacrificed ethics for victory and most importantly as a political mastermind who won the war without even fighting.

This phenomenon of bestowing divinity to men still continues , post independence it was  Mahatma Gandhi’s turn . Gandhi is portrayed today on a scale which is nothing short of what  lord krishna enjoys , A human being with all the godly features who always took the right decisions , even it meant calling off mass agitations just when they were to bear fruits . But if we remove the veil we could find a whole new person to whom we can all relate to .we could easily relate to a man who was a staunch supporter of the empire (the system) , slowly discovering himself to become its greatest nemesis ,  But we rarely get to see that part of him in popular narrations. But why bestow godliness to every one ? Divinity was a weapon employed during medieval times when rationality was a taboo and banned , but today the times have changed we respect imperfections . The current hue and cry over Pandit Nehru could be seen as the final step of him attaining divinity . . The Nehruvian historians and the congress party must accept Pandit Nehru for who he was and not as what they think of him , His not so appreciable record in the economic front and the biased  foreign policy cannot be whitewashed . Even with these  he will be remembered as the man who built India brick by brick .

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VALLUVANAD HELP DESK

The search terms directed to my site are usually not related to any of my posts . They usually are queries about getting around Valluvanad ….. here are the answers for many of the frequently asked questions :

1. Ottapalam to Mannarkad buses

There are regular private buses in this route via Ambalapara -Thiruvazhiyode- Sreekrishnapuram or Cherpulassery-Thiruvazhiyode-Sreekrishnapuram .

2.Perinthalmanna – Palakkad early morning buses

There are round the clock KSRTC buses in this route , while private buses to my knowledge start running by 5 am

3.Reasons for backwardness of Palakkad

Its huge size , tribal population and lesser diversity in political representation (it is a CPM stronghold)

5. Cherpulassery airport –

The nearest is Calicut International airport app…60 km to north west.

6. Train timings from Angadipuram to Pattambi –

There are no direct trains  , but you could get down at Vadanamkurussi (en route Shornur ) and board a Pattambi or Guruvayur bus.

7. Chelakkara –

Though culturally similar to Valluvanad it was a part of the Kingdom of Cochin and now falls under Thalappily taluk of Thrissur district . There are no direct buses to Calicut from here . you will have to first get to ottapalam then to perinthalmanna from where there are regular buses to Calicut. There are regular train services to Calicut  from Shornur which is 13 km from Chelakkara.

8.Shornur to Palakkad bus –

There are only a few direct buses in this route . you will have to first get to Kulapully , which is the second private bus stand of Shornur , 2 km from the Railway station and  then get a palakkad bus , which are quiet frequent.

9.Hotels at Cherpulassery –

There are quiet a few , one of the star hotels is Mithilla Regency.

10. Cherpulassey – Palakkad route buses –

This is route with private buses at regular intervals with a few KSRTC buses in between via kongad.

11. Distance between cherpulassery and calicut –

85 kms .there are a few private buses  and a handful of Ksrtc buses.

12.Bakeries at Shornur –

Shornur actually is a small town , there are Nila bake houses at Kulapully and Cheruthurutty.

13. Valluvanad and Tippu –

The relation is a bit complicated.

14.Angadipuram to Palakkad train –

why ?? there are buses both Ksrtc and private every 5 minutes. If it is of utmost necessity you could get Palakkad trains from Shornur.

15.Shornur to Ooty –

First get to pattambi/cherpulassery , then to perinthalmanna – nilambur – gudallur – ooty.

16. Cherpulassey to  Mannarkkad –

The distance is about 25 kms. there are regular buses.

17. Jewellers at Shornur –

No major jewellery chains here… Thrissur is just 45 minutes away.

18. Why is shornur junction so congested with trains ? –

It is here that the main railway route in Kerala split in four directions …..to calicut , thrissur,palakkad and nilambur.

19.Cherpulassery CBSE school –

The major one is the Sabari central school.

20. Angadipuram to Kadambuzha –

There are both private and ksrtc buses to valanchery from here , then proceed to Kadambuzha,

21. Hospitals at cherpulassery –

Kerala medical college hospital ,Cooperative hospital,Shankar hospital.

22. Cherpulassey nearest railway station –

Vallapuzha , The nearest major station is Shornur , 17 km to south.

23. Buses from Shornur to Calicut –

None – train is better – Else get to Pattambi then Valanchery , from where there are direct buses to  calicut.

24. Perinthalmanna old bus stand –

It is a shopping complex now….sorry.

25.Pambin kavu –

It is a sacred groove commonly found in this region , which is thick with foliage and is considered to house serpent (gods).

26. Chirayath bus –

They have nearly many buses in the Thrissur- Ottapalam route , with a few running longer trips to cherpulassery , mannarkad and palakkad.

27. Cherpulassery – Ottapalam –

17 kms , regular private buses ply on this route.

28. Shornur to Attapadi –

nearly 80 km – There is one bus early in the morning formerly a  mayilvahanam now kavitha. otherwise get to Cherpulassry from where there are regular buses to Mannarkad and thence to Anakkaty. There are a few shornur – mannarkad direct buses too.

29.Ottapalam to Edappal –

Take a bus to Pattambi(Guruvayur limited stop) , then change over to an Edappal bus , which are frequent via kootanad or thrithala.

30.Perintalmanna – Cherpulassery –

17km , buses every 5 minute from the pattambi road junction or moulana hospital junction.

31. Calicut to Ottapalam bus timings – there are 3 buses from Calicut Bus stand  between 1 and 2 : 30 pm .

33. Angadipuram over bridge – YES…its reality now.

34 . wadakkanchery over bridge – yes , finally.

35 . Shankar hospital , Cherpulassery – It is right next to the bus stand on the pattambi road.

“SAVE YAZIDIS”

“SAVE GAZA” posters are a common sight in Malabar these days ,These posters usually contain horrifying images of victims of the Israeli airstrikes followed by a warning hinting at a possible retribution . They also  blame the western powers for turning away from the ground reality and usually end with an anti imperialistic slogan questioning this double standards followed by these powers. Though the Palestinian crisis is one of the worst humanitarian disasters of the past century , the hue and cry made over here miles away from the conflict zone is questionable . Two main groups are responsible for the wide spread dissemination of these “messages” in this area with sizable Muslim population , one being the communist party of India (Marxist) and the other are the various Wahhabi organizations that have sprung up in the region . Taking political mileage out of an international crisis is nothing new to Indian politics , in fact it was The Father Of our Nation who started the trend by supporting the Khilafat Movement .From the umpteen number of communal clashes since 1930s , including the recent ones in Gujarat , we Indians are also familiar with the fact that Religion and politics is a highly explosive mixture . Still we abundantly mix the both whether it be Sangh Parivaar , the Wahhabi or as in the case above even the communists. The rise of Islamic fundamentalism in Malabar aided by the oil rich countries of the Persian gulf is a reality that we cannot shy from , the same is true with the visible tilt among the Hindu youth towards the Sangh . Posters like these whether well intended or not will only fuel the further polarization of the region . What is sad is the fact that the communists are using the desperate polarization tactic to break into the core vote bank of the Muslim League at the expense of its ideology . This article is not meant to delve into this situation but to the double standards we adopt with respect to a group of ” DEVIL WORSHIPERS ” in Iraq called the “yazidis” .

Independent India according to Pandit Nehru was to become the voice of the oppressed . But over the years , electoral compulsions have made us more selective of the causes we support . Though the mainstream political parties and the fringe groups may highlight the Palestinian cause , they never issue a poster condemning a non sectarian issue like the extermination of Yazidis by the ISIS .  Yazidis are a minority in northern Iraq , who are one of the few remaining tribes in the middle east who have  not yet been islamised . Like the Druze , a minority community in isreal , Yazidis are stuck in  the Jew-sunni-shia conflict unfolding in the middle east. The ISIS have already given the ultimatum for them to convert to Islam or die , which if happens , would be nothing short of the holocaust..

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we malayalees carry the pride of molding a perfectly secular society on our sleeves .But over the years we have become more compromising of the true ideals of secularism. The fear of being branded communal have made us hide our real feelings behind this mask named tolerance . To break out of this glass house let us lend our collective voice to the yazidis and start placing “SAVE YAZIDI ” hoardings .

ALEXANDER AND THE ANCHOR

History as a branch of academic research is the most spiritually liberating among the social sciences . It gives us a sense of belonging as we find ourselves interlinked not only to others around us but also to millions or even billions of men and women who came before us . The many versions of Indian History that have developed over the years still makes it a contentious subject , which is to be treated with care . There are the historians who adhere to the far left , others who are slightly left of the center and there is the right, sadly there have never been an attempt to develop a neutral , all encompassing path called the middle as far as Indian History is concerned . The problem with not having a neutral view point is the inability of the various competing stands to accommodate opposing views , making them stick to their initial versions , even though new findings might have proved the contrary  .Lets take an example ,  From the primary school level we were taught the tale of the great battle that took place in the northwest frontier province , between an Indian prince – porous and the great Greek conqueror Alexander , Usually  taught as a story of true morality , valor and friendship it got etched into our psyche . It will be many years before we understand the fact that the narration was purely European with no significant inputs , even porus the name of the Indian prince is the Greek version of Purushottama . The other startling fact is the significance of the above mentioned battle itself , not a single Indian source validates the war , almost all of them don’t even mention Alexander ( though Yavanas are mentioned a few times )  . Ironically , the war which Indian’s never remember happen have over the years become the anchor point in deciphering Indian history. The year 326 B C is considered as the only authentic point in the long history of nearly 2 billion people from where the history could be interpreted both forward and backward corresponding to the western history  , the Indian sources are brushed aside as fanciful exaggerations of some lunatic monks while equally mad rumblings of homer are celebrated  . Though this was another of the many propaganda wars employed by the British to authenticate their paternalistic rule , it still remains 70 years since independence .it is high time that we rewrite our history based on modern scientific approaches , so that it will become our history , not their interpretation of our follies.

iOur history starts with modern human beings settling  here nearly 35,000 years back . Evidences denote to them coming from the west , may be from central Asia or the Mediterranean . They first settled down in Baluchistan , and over the span of thousands of years they moved east and south , building stone age civilizations . The forested plains of  the Indus and its parallel river named t”saraswati” became the the first center of civilization in the subcontinent  . Saraswati during its youth was a mammoth river that flowed parallel to Indus from Himalayas to the Rann off kutch through what is now the Thar desert . It was fed by both yamuna and satluj making it the main trading route over the western plains ,This is what is now called the Indus – Saraswati civilisation , which is known for its first of its kind urban centers . Though most of the urban centers were on the bed of the dried sarasawati river , it took historians 100 years to accept its existence , this would not have been the case if the Indian records were ever considered as sources from Vedas to the great epic Mahabharata describes the river in all its glory . Before the satellite images showed the river tract in detail , western Historians and many in the far left dismissed the river as an imagination similar to the famed soma of the Vedas . They even tried to find rivers in central Asia and Afghanistan which were supposed to be the Aryan homeland . But with advancement in science and technology saraswati was reborn . The Aryan invasion theory is the next stumbling block , though genetic studies have shown a closer relation between the people of North and South India than with North Indians and people of central Asia , more research needs to be done in this field , that too without biases

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With the drying up of saraswati , the inhabitants of the cities and villages around it might have slowly abandoned them with a large part of them migrating to the ganga valley , the sudden surge in population  in peninsular India and the gangatic plains  right after the collapse of Indus cities corroborates this point. People re established their lost civilization in their new homelands and India  was reborn  , now with a wider geographical distribution  and the ganga valley became its epicenter . This brings us back to the question of 326 BC. The name “sandrakkottos ” is the villain here , which is translated by historians as chandragupta . As we know there are two chandraguptas who are prominent figures in the Indian history , one being a maurya and the other the Guptan king , both being the sovereigns when yavanas and mlecchas were on the ascend . Though sandrakkottos is now widely accepted as chandragupta maurya , many Indian records still leave it ambiguous .this is a span of nearly 500 years ,if we analyze the period after  the conquest and if sandrakkottos is taken as maurya , the history since then looks cramped with many dynasties overlapping each other , but if it was the gupta king it would loosen to a great extend . if true  these assumptions could move the Indian history back by a few hundred years .  The post mauryan history of India is so cramped with dynasties that the Hindu revival seems to have started just before the arrival of Muslim invaders . It is a known fact that a society in flux is the prime ground for new ideologies to thrive , Islam was never embraced on a wider scale and strangely the neo Hindus kept on fighting for over a millennia , which when compared to similar societies like Iran is extraordinary.   the description of the period between 5th and 9th century AD is illogical on many counts . one of the examples being the narration of the chola conquer of the gangetic plains , which appears true but cannot be accomodated in the current scenario. Pushing aside the Indian version of Indian history over time have proved fatal , Now it is time for us to recreate our history with no biases or political leanings away from Alexander’s anchor.

“THE HINDU” TOUCHES PATHETIC LOWS

With the people unanimously going against their daily dose of left wing ideological classes , THE HINDU touched new lows yesterday when it published a graphic representation of how CPI(M) could have fared better if our founding fathers had opted for proportional representation. If my history lessons are correct it was on the insistence of the left leaning intelligentsia at the time of independence that the system we have today was adopted and it was under the guidance of Pandit Nehru it blossomed.  what made Mr Ram and his colleagues to question our system all of a sudden? was it the emphatic win of  the BJP? or the decimation of the left ?? As a regular subscriber of the daily the second one seems to be the reason . The need for an electoral reform was first mooted on the may 16th by Mr D Raja of the CPI on NDTV which , the moderated Prannoy Roy brushed aside casually .Ironically it was discussed at great lengths the next few days in the “National newspaper”. The reports were overflowing with “expert opinions” made by the guardian angels of our democracy –  the “intelligentsia”  for the “much needed ” change as they were finding it hard to come to terms with the fact that the CPI was no longer a national party and was on the verge of losing their coveted party symbol .  “THE HINDU” , which left no stones unturned in berating the right , often equating Modi to Hitler , was seen going into a tizzy after may 16th , Not a single article was published appreciating the victorious team while the editorials were dedicated to the “QUEENS WITHOUT THRONES”  – J Jayalalitha and Mamta banerjee , The next day they went a step further by advising Mr  Modi on “how to rule” and published the much controversial article by Mr Gopal Krishna Gandhi.Prejudices it seem run too long in this family held newspaper , It took them 6 days to come to terms with what happened and they indirectly appreciated BJP’s achievements on the OP-ED page on 22/5/14 (today).

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My dad says that “THE HINDU” was actually the “national newspaper” in his college days, I too remember good impartial articles in the past , but the last two years was when it became the mouthpiece of the left . We know left is a dwindling species in India and their voices need to be preserved for a functioning democracy , but being a mouthpiece for them and calling yourself a “national newspaper” is sarcastic. There is a huge space for a national newspaper that gives unbiased and relevant news , which is what is expected from “THE HINDU” . There is going to be an upsurge of the right after the elections , we readers expect Hindu  to be neutral in such a situation . Hence the news paper must  shed its leftist approach and bring us stories which reinforce your  tag of  being “THE NATIONAL NEWSPAPER”.

foot note;

CPI(M) lost because of its inability to adapt with changing times and be fossilized in the 60s , how else can you describe a party chief who is a malayali speaking in English at Ottapalam (his home district) using a translator , Mr Karat , its time you admit the fact that you are just an intellectual and not a mass leader. coming to malayalees speaking English even Shashi Tharoor speaks fluent malayalam these days ( may be that is why he won).

SECTION 377 , THE KHOBRAGADES AND BJP

the two big parties in our country differ little in most aspects except the fact that the Bharatiya Janata Party’s emphasize more on Hindu conservatism. over time i have come to this conclusion that the party is thoroughly confused about what these traditional values are , the most recent being its reactions to the section 377 of the IPC and the khobragade affair.The party  which is trying hard  to parade itself as the “republican party” of India is virtually xeroxing the manifesto of the grand old party of the United States. First was the cultural chauvinism , then the love for free market and now it is homophobia , It is high time that the party re invent itself on Indian lines than blindly copying the western model of conservatism . The conservatism outside India is backed by monotheistic religions and cultures .They attend the Sunday mass , eat turkey on thanks giving for killing native Americans and shoot each other without provocation. India from the ancient times was plural in every sense of the word , whether it be faith , culture or sexuality . The third gender and homosexuality were a well accepted aspect of Indian life since antiquity , especially when we were at the zenith of cultural and scientific achievements. The homophobic stand taken by the party is utterly against the teachings of this ancient civilization , where epics praise Arjuna  for his one year stint as a transgender in Mahabharata and  In Kerala it is believed that Lord  Ayyapa was born from the union of Lord shiva and Lord vishnu  . It is ignorance that made Mr  Rajnath Singh call the whole issue a western import , but sadly it is the BJP’S  version of conservatism which reinforces Victorian values which are alien to thecountry.

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BJP’S stand on Devyani Khobragade issue is another ill placed decision . The Khobrgades as a family is still a mystery  , though  they own properties worth crores of rupees they were caught for under paying their maid and are now shouting their innocence from television studios , yes the way Dr Devyani was treated goes against the diplomatic immunities enjoyed by her , but siding yourself with a family which have corruption labelled all over itself will not go down well with ardent fans of Mr Modi . For millions Mr Modi is the messiah of change  ,but making statements in chorus with congress in support of the family  on this issue is a huge let down .

THE OTHER HALF

yes , i agree sachin tendulkar is good at what he does and it is indeed sad that he is retiring , But blocking the airwaves for a whole week to honor him is absurd. cricket is adored by millions in this country , but counting everyone to be a cricket fan or for that matter a sachin fan is stupidity. The cricket fanaticism is a middle class phenomena , which makes it the religion of just the half of us  There is the “other half” including myself who are taken on a not so pleasant ride by our media when a cricket becomes the prime topic of discussion .  As happened last week we were  either made to watch the “news” or watch a general entertainment channel on such days . After a few shows I opted for bigg boss at 9.

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The Sachin fans are a crazy lot especially when it comes to their god , post retirement wanted nothing short of a Bharat Ratna to be awarded to him , Bestowing  India’s highest civilian honor for some one who sported controversy for refusing to carry the national flag was a surprise .  Sachin’s contribution to the development of our society is equal to nothing and if we take into account the exorbitant amounts he charge for commercials , he is actually draining us . On taking such an important decision the government never cared to look at the list of many other deserving candidates , which includes social activists who did selfless to our society . Frankly  sachin doesn’t deserve a bharat ratna for anything that he had done till date , If popularity is the basis for this honour , then actors   Amitabh  Bacchan and Rajnikanth deserves it more , especially for the quantum of work they did in the last 30 years. Sachin tendulkar as a cricketer was pathetic on the field when  the Indian team needed him the most and what he is recognized for in the cricket world  is purely for his personal achievements . This decision which the government have taken in haste have yet again tarnished its image among the public  , especially, the other half who were reduced to mute spectators in this whole saga ,

1975

emergency to me like most  born in the late 1980s is a dark period in our history , something which came down to us through vivid narrations , , It was Mrs Gandhi’s attempt at being the “Indian Empress” by imposing her will on a country of over half a billion. The excesses of the period are a topic of discussion even today , literature abound with detailS , whether it be “Midnights Children” or the movie “Hazaroon khwaishein aisi” . Ironically rarely does these discussions proceed to the question of – why emergency was imposed? , we don’t know much about Mr jayaprakash narayan before 1970s ,and  to the few who knew him the details are sketchy , still he is one of the revered saints of our time.

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The JP movement from a constitutional point of view was equally unlawful  as the emergency was and to an equally violent . The movement taken out against a democratically elected government is undemocratic right from its conception, and to this if we add the geographical limitation of the movement it looses its pan India appeal.. After the 1971 war Indira Gandhi had started showing signs of despotism , but mere signs  cannot be taken an excuse to ask for her resignation before the end of her term . The elections were due in 1976 but  Mr JP intensified his agitation in 1974 itself , Like a normal politician  he could have waited for the democratic process to  bring about change , but what he did was unwarranted . With his support base he tried to stall the functioning of the government and oust Mrs Gandhi through undemocratic means , which ultimately led to the events of 1975 .

I am in no way supporting Mrs Gandhi for what she did or the doings of her “princeling” , Emergency was and will remain a blot on our democracy , but painting JP in white and Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in black is not fair . It is hard to digest the story of the socialist leader who retired from politics for serving the society suddenly donning the role of a messiah of the masses . He too had political ambitions , may be he regretted his initial decision to retire, during the final days  .comparing the JP movement to Gandhiji’s civil disobedience movement is stupidity . While Mrs Gandhi was thrust into power by the people on a huge majority , the British were not . Even at the Zenith of the movement against her Mrs Gandhi was still an all India force  , while JP was not.  this was latter proved by the dissipation of the janatha government at the same speed with which it came to power.

while discussing emergency we take JP for granted , but his intentions still remain a mystery . but solely blaming Indira Gandhi  for 1975 is not kind on the legacy of a leader of her stature.

HINDUS AND THE INDIAN DEMOCRACY

to know  the sheer scale of the success we as a nation is , you must read ramachandra guha’s ” India After Gandhi” . it is the riveting  story of a nation born out of chaos , which over the years slowly overcame obstacles , many of which life threatening , with ease and determination. we have had the various political scientists giving their take on why we as a country survives or is surviving , but most of them have given scant credit to the most important of the reasons – the majority community – ” hindus”.

i had always wanted to write a post on this pillar of indian democracy , but backtracked owing to the “communal” tag that comes with it.  the recent anti immigration laws by many European countries made me value the sense of openness that our community have shown over centuries and the level of tolerance it still foster. many had predicted at the time of independence that with the death of nehru , india will start taking baby steps towards being a hindu pakistan , which even after 65 years have not happened and to my knowledge is never going to. we have had the saffron party ruling the country for nearly eight years and still we remain more secular as ever before . the sheer force of the ram janmabhoomi movement that propelled BJP to power could have easily compelled it to build the temple at the site , but the secular section of the majority community , fought for it not to happen . many dooms day predictions are already out for the day when/if Mr Narendra modi will become the prime minister , but as we all know as far as the secular ones , which btw constitute 95% of the 1 billion hindus remain the majority , is never going to.

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hindus make up nearly 80% of our population , with their share in population varying from 3% in many northeastern states to 95% in himachal pradesh. the most interesting of the examples is my state of kerala were 45% percent of the people belong to the minority groups. the state could have easily gone the malaysian way , which have similar statistics and taken up their own bhumiputra movement  , what happened was just the opposite. now after 50 years of the states birth it is more egalitarian than malaysia will ever be.  kerala could not be compared with a north indian state , where generations have grown up hearing the folklore of shivaji and prithviraj chauhan and their fight against the invaders. even after this huge doses of victimhood they remain much at ease with their muslim neighbours , there is this misconception among the secular left wing observers that the north indian hindus could never accept secularism to the fullest , which is to an extent baseless , if it was the case , then how could you explain the success of the hindi soap on zee tv “qubool hai” ? .the story revolves around muslim characters with the lead actress invoking “allah” on every second breath. according to the rating charts it was once the second highest rated show in india. similarly  to me the khans of bollywood shows us  how the north indian masses have graduated with salman khan being revered as god by most of the lower class men from bihar and UP .

this brings us to the question of riots . if hindus were at ease with their other half how could they riot? . my answer would be the comparison with the white supremacist movements and neo nazis. these riots which mostly are politically motivated are the handiwork of these fringe groups , a phenomenon not confined to india alone . but unlike the countries of the west which have stabilised into  monolithic entities , we are in a state of flux like the europe of the 18th century , where outbursts could be magnified and old prejudices easily offended . as we progress towards a stable future these groups will certainly be pushed into obscurity .

i did my graduation at a MES (muslim education society) college whose president Dr Fazal Ghafoor once told us that he would always be thankful to the majority community of kerala for being secular as it is and helping the minorities prosper with them . which is a huge credit for the 95% of us . i conclude this post with the trajectory of BJP’s evolution , a party that began as the appendage of RSS is now a national party whose ideology is just called “right wing” , with more emphasis on free market than on hinduism.

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